Richard Tarleton (born unknown date – died September 3, 1588)
Richard Tarleton was a clown, actor in William Shakespeareâs company, ballad writer, favorite jester of Queen Elizabeth I, and the most popular comedian of his time. Very little is know of his early life, although it is known that he was born hump-backed. The first historical note is about a ballad that he wrote on a recent flood. In 1576 he wrote a book, now lost, titled âTarltons Toyes.â By 157 he was a well-known actor and Queen Elizabethâs favorite jester, and the only one permitted to tell the Queen her faults.
Richard Tarleton performed various clown roles for William Shakespeare, and is believed to be the model for Yorick, in Shakespeareâs play âHamletâ. It is probable that he played the part of clown, grave-digger, etc., in Shakespeareâs comedies, and no doubt took liberties with his parts. It is thought that part of Hamletâs advice to the players–“and let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them,â etc.–was leveled at Tarleton.
Tarleton wrote several plays, which like his other writings are lost. He was also talented musically, who played the pipe and tambor, as well as being able at the sport of fencing.